Category Archives: FABRIC


Classification of fabric according to their structures

  1.  Simple Structure
    In simple structure ends and picks are inserted on one another at right angle cloth respectively and parallel with each other. In this, there is only one series of ends and picks. They are responsible for the performance of the fabric.
  2.  Compound Structure
    In compound structure there are more than one series of picks and ends. From ends and picks, some of them are responsible for body of fabric and some of them will be responsible for special effect on the body of the cloth.
    E.g. Piled fabric (Tarry fabric), canvas fabric, and velvet fabric.


Fabric is a cloth produced especially by knitting, weaving, or felting fibers.The main principle observed in the construction of plain weave of a fabric is interlacement of any two continuous threads of either warp or weft in an exactly contract manner to each other with every thread in each series panning alternatively over and under consequently of the other series uniformly throughout the cloth. Every thread in each series interweaves with every thread in the other series to the upper most extent thereby producing a comparatively firm and strong texture of fabric.

There are mainly two types of fabric structure:

  1.  Fabric made with yarns.
  2.  Fabric made without yarns.



Velour is a fabric that is similar to velvet, with a thick, soft nap that makes it luxurious to the touch. Unlike velvet, however, velour is a knit, which changes the properties of the fabric rather dramatically and makes it highly stretchy. There are many uses for this fabric, including upholstery, clothing, cloth diapers and pillowcases. Many fabric supply stores carry velour in an assortment of cvelour fabricolors and in large quantities.

This fabric’s ability to stretch is why it is often chosen for workout and casual wear, because it will give easily with the movements of the wearer. Velour typically is made from cotton, which makes it very plush, easy to care for and affordable. It might also be made from artificial materials, such as polyester, depending on the manufacturer and the intended use. Extremely elastic fibers are used by some manufacturers to make it especially stretchy and flexible.

In upholstery applications, this fabric is found on couches, on car seats and in drapery. The fabric is often used because it is more giving than velvet and less likely to become damaged through hard wear. It also is relatively easy to care for, especially when compared with velvet. When velour is used as upholstery, it might be treated with flame-resistant compounds or made from a flame-resistant thread to increase safety. This is especially important with drapery.


Ramie is one of the oldest vegetable fibers and has been used for thousands of years for manufacturing ramie fabrics. The true ramie or ‘China Grass’ is also known as ‘white ramie’ and is the Chinese cultivated plant.
RamieThe extraction of the fiber occurs in three stages. First the cortex or bark is removed.This can be done by hand or by machine.This process is called decortication.Second the cortex is scraped to remove most of the outer bark, the parenchyma in the bast layer and some of the gums and pectins. Finally the residual cortex material is washed, dried, and de-gummed to extract the spinnable fiber.Plant has large heart shaped, crenate leaves covered on the underside with white hairs that give it a silvery appearance. Ramie is not as durable as other fibers, and so ramie is most often blended with other fibers for its unique strength and absorbency, luster and dye-affinity. A coarse fiber, ramie fabric is pure white and silk like in appearance.
Ramie is commonly used in tablecloths, napkins, sweaters, shirts, blouses, and suiting and handkerchiefs.The main producers of ramie are China, Brazil, Philippines, India, South Korea and Thailand.