Handcrafted Patola silk saree from Patan in Gujarat is a heritage double Ikat fabric.Patola silk is considered to be among the best hand-woven silk in India.Patola silks are characterized by blazing and bright colours, and geometric patterns mixed with folk motifs.
The Patola silk saree has complex, five-colour patterns resist-dyed into weft and warp threads before weaving begins. Patola sarees can be vertically-resist dyed, called single ikat. Or, they may be horizontally-resist dyed, called double ikat.The Patola silk saree looks alike from both sides, and so can be worn both ways. Even weavers can’t identify which is the front or back once the weaving is over.The entire process of creating a handcrafted Patola silk saree can take up to six months. No computers or power looms are used.Mental calculations, patience, deep concentration, undivided attention and a lot of hard work are the skill sets that make one saree.3 people take 4 to 6 months to weave one saree which is 5.5 meters long and 48 inches wide. Only 3 families in Pattan make them today, out of the original 700 families.cheapest saree starts at 1.5 lac rupees and takes 1.5 to 2 years for delivery. A good Patola costs Rs. 3 lacs.